Duke University School of Medicine.
The state of early prediction and intervention in autism spectrum disorder. A delay in diagnosis translates into a missed opportunity to provide early intervention services and to improve outcomes.
Human papillomavirus literature review aim of the current study was to review the literature on early detection approaches in primary care and other community settings in the United States.
METHODS: A search was conducted of the peer-reviewed and gray literature to identify studies published from January through January testing approaches to enhance the early detection of autism in community settings in the United States. Awareness approaches were associated with positive changes in knowledge of autism-related topics. Routine screening yielded high or increased rates of screening and referrals; however, few studies assessed the effect of screening on age at diagnosis or services enrollment.
Practice improvement approaches resulted in increased screening and referral rates and highlighted the importance of adopting a multipronged approach to enhance early detection. The fact that few studies reported outcomes beyond rates of referral indicates the need for enhanced methodological rigor, particularly with respect to length of follow-up and quality of measures used.
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